U.S. Permanent Representative to NATO, Ambassador Douglas Lute, had a Telephone Press Briefing on February 9, 2016 with journalists in order to preview this week’s NATO Defense Ministerial.
Ambassador Douglas Lute in his opening remarks said that ”what we expect Ministers to do is to first discuss and ultimately approve a new framework for NATO deterrence and defense. You might call this 21st Century deterrence”.
”I think a very prominent contribution to that deterrence was the U.S. announcement just a week ago that in the coming year we will increase by four-fold the U.S. commitment in finances to bolstering our contribution to deterrence here in Europe”, the U.S. Permanent Representative to NATO underlined.
Asked about the U.S. perspective on the issue concerning Turkish and German request to NATO’s allies to help in monitoring the border and the coast, the Ambassador answered ”Now having to do with the press reports from yesterday between Chancellor Merkel and Turkish leaders, I read those too, but they have not been formalized yet, although they might be in the next two days. So we’ll have to simply see what transpires during the Ministers meeting and there will be space, and of course Ministerial meetings are a prime opportunity for any one of the 28 allies to bring such requests to the Alliance. But quite candidly, we’ll have to just see what either the German or the Turkish Ministers have to say on this matter. So all I can say is I’ve seen the press reports and I await their comments in the next two days.”
Chara Pagkalou from thediplomat.gr asked the official U.S. -as NATO’s member- response on the matter that Turkish fighter planes violate almost daily the Greek national airspace.
”Our response is actually similar in both instances, and that is that wherever airspace of one nation meets airspace of another nation, there is a two-part responsibility to abide by international protocols, international rules with regard to that airspace. In the case of Turkish and Greek airspace, typically those questions that occasionally arise between Turkey and Greece are dealt with diplomatically. They’re dealt with in responsible channels and there’s a longstanding pattern of responsible behavior on behalf of those two allies. We would like all such airspace questions to be dealt with so responsibly as both our Turkish and Greek allies have demonstrated over the years. So there are international rules here and the U.S. position is those rules should be abided by.”, the U.S. Permanent Representative to NATO, Ambassador Douglas Lute answered.
”What do you think is Russia’s long-term ambition with Syria?” asked Jessica Josefsson from TV4 in Sweden.
”I think Russia’s objective in Syria is to keep Asad in power and therefore retain Russian influence in the region. Because of Russia’s longstanding historical relationship with the Asad regime, both under Bashar al Asad and previously under his father. And of course Russia has a naval base in Tartus. It now has a significant air presence just north of there in a Syrian base. So this has, I think, everything to do with retaining, preserving Russian influence in the region. But also I think there’s evidence that Russia wishes to be a player, wishes to assert itself on the international scene and have a voice in the affairs in the Middle East. That appears to be Russia’s objective. What appears not to be an objective is the fight against ISIL, and this I base simply on the empirical data that shows who Russia is fighting — that is the opposition — and who Russia largely is not fighting — and that’s ISIL.” the U.S. Permanent Representative to NATO, Ambassador Douglas Lute said.
Douglas E. Lute
United States Mission to NATO